United States District Court, W.D. Virginia, Roanoke Division
May 1, 2014
HOWARD DIETZ CROWE, JR., Plaintiff,
CONMED MEDICAL, et al., Defendants.
JACKSON L. KISER, District Judge.
Howard Dietz Crowe, Jr., a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, filed a Complaint, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, naming ConMed Medical and the Western Virginia Regional Jail ("Jail") as defendants. This matter is before me for screening, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. After reviewing Plaintiff's submissions, I dismiss the Complaint without prejudice for failing to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
I must dismiss claims alleged against the Jail because the Jail is not amenable to suit via § 1983. See West v. Atkins , 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988) (recognizing a § 1983 claim must allege the violation of a federal right by a person acting under color of state law); Preval v. Reno , 57 F.Supp.2d 307, 310 (E.D. Va. 1999) ("[T]he Piedmont Regional Jail is not a "person, " and therefore not amenable to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983."), aff'd in part and rev'd in part, 203 F.3d 821 (4th Cir. 2000), reported in full-text format at 2000 U.S.App. LEXIS 465, at *3, 2000 WL 20591, at *1 ("The court also properly determined that the Piedmont Regional Jail is not a person' and is therefore not amenable to suit under § 1983[1"). A group of persons, like ConMed Medical, is not a "person" subject to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See, e.g., Will v. Michigan Dep't of State Police , 491 U.S. 58, 70 (1989); Ferguson v. Morgan, No. 1:90cv06318 , 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8295, 1991 WL 115759, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. June 20, 1991) (concluding that a group of personnel, like "medical staff, " is not a "person" for purposes of § 1983). Even if Plaintiff intended "ConMed Medical" to refer to a non-corporeal entity, he failed to identify any policy, practice, or custom that violated a civil right. See, e.g., Monell v. Dep't of Soc. Servs. , 436 U.S. 658 (1978); Powell v. Shopco Laurel Co. , 678 F.2d 504, 506 (4th Cir. 1982). Accordingly, I dismiss the Complaint without prejudice for failing to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.