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Byington v. Moses

United States District Court, W.D. Virginia, Roanoke Division

November 25, 2014

LARRY WAYNE BYINGTON, Plaintiff,
v.
DOCTOR MOSES, ET AL., Defendant(s).

MEMORANDUM OPINION

GLEN E. CONRAD, Chief District Judge.

Larry Wayne Byington, a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The complaint alleges that the defendant jail doctor

cause[d] ruptured c[y]st which cause[d] back felow [sic] into blood stream. Blood poisoning from ruptured c[y]st induced extreme temp [sic] cause site [sic] and hearing los[s] and damage. I have got max low facial [sic] permanent damage and constant recurring insomnia.

(Compl. 2.) Byington sues the doctor and a nurse, seeking punitive damages. Upon review of these brief allegations, the court concludes that the complaint must be summarily dismissed for failure to state any constitutional claim actionable under § 1983.

The court is required to dismiss any action or claim filed by a prisoner against a governmental entity or officer if the court determines the action or claim is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1). To state a claim in any federal civil action, the plaintiff's "[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level, " to one that is "plausible on its face, " rather than merely "conceivable." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).

A § 1983 plaintiff must establish that he has been deprived of rights guaranteed by the Constitution or laws of the United States and that this deprivation resulted from conduct committed by a person acting under color of state law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42 (1988). Byington does not allege that the defendant nurse personally took any action in violation of his rights. Therefore, his complaint states no actionable § 1983 claim against her.

Byington does allege sparse facts concerning the jail doctor's actions, but nevertheless, fails to state any actionable § 1983 claim against the doctor. A prison doctor's alleged medical malpractice does not state a federal constitutional claim and thus is not actionable under § 1983. Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 105-06 (1976) (Eighth Amendment).[1] To proceed under § 1983 on a claim regarding his course of medical treatment, an inmate must state facts showing that the defendant official acted with deliberate indifference to the inmate's serious medical needs. Id. at 102. An official is "deliberately indifferent" only if he or she "knows of and disregards an excessive risk to inmate health or safety." Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 837 (1994).

Plaintiff's sparse allegations indicate that, regrettably, he suffered some serious medical side effects after a cyst ruptured. His stated facts do not, however, present the elements of a constitutional claim against the defendant doctor related to these conditions. Specifically, plaintiff does not state facts suggesting the doctor knew that the unspecified treatment he provided to plaintiff created an excessive risk of physical harm to his patient. Because the complaint states, at most, an accusation of negligence, it does not state any actionable § 1983 claim against the defendants. Therefore, the court dismisses the action without prejudice under § 1915A(b)(1).

The Clerk is directed to send copies of this memorandum opinion and accompanying order to plaintiff.


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