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Content Extraction & Transmission LLC v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A.

United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit

December 23, 2014

CONTENT EXTRACTION AND TRANSMISSION LLC, Plaintiff-Appellant,
v.
WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, Defendant-Appellee, AND THE PNC FINANCIAL SERVICES GROUP, INC. AND PNC BANK, N.A., Defendants-Appellees. DIEBOLD, INCORPORATED, Plaintiff-Counterdefendant-Cross Appellant,
v.
CONTENT EXTRACTION AND TRANSMISSION LLC, Defendant-Counterplaintiff-,Appellant, AND MITCHELL MEDINA, CATHERINE ELIAS, AND JEAN-MARC ZIMMERMAN, Defendants, AND JOHN DOE COMPANIES 1-100, JOHN DOE COMPANIES 1-99, TD BANK GROUP, AND TD BANK, N.A. Third-Party Defendants

Page 1344

Appeals from the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey in Nos. 12-CV-2501, 12-CV-6960, and 12-CV-7640, Judge Michael A. Shipp.

ANATOLY S. WEISER, Zimmerman & Weiser LLP, of Westfield, New Jersey, argued for plaintiff-appellant Content Extraction and Transmission LLC. With him on the brief was JEAN-MARC ZIMMERMAN.

FREDERICK L. WHITMER, Kilpatrick, Townsend & Stockton LLP, of New York, New York, argued for defendant-appellee Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. Of counsel on the brief for defendant-appellees The PNC Financial Services Group, Inc., et al. was NOAM J. KRITZER, Bakos & Kritzer of Florham Park, New Jersey.

ROY H. WEPNER, Lerner, David, Littenberg, Krumholz & Mentlik, LLP, of Westfield, New Jersey, argued for plaintiff-counterdefendant-cross appellant Diebold, Incorporated. With him on the brief were ARNOLD I. RADY and BRIAN D. HILL.

Before DYK, TARANTO, and CHEN, Circuit Judges.

OPINION

Page 1345

[113 U.S.P.Q.2d 1356] Chen, Circuit Judge.

Content Extraction and Transmission LLC and its principals (collectively, CET) appeal from the grant of a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP), in which the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey held that the claims of CET's asserted patents are invalid as patent-ineligible under 35 U.S.C. § 101. Cross-appellant Diebold, Inc. (Diebold) appeals from the district court's dismissal of its tortious interference and Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) claims against CET in a related action. We affirm the district court's dismissal of both CET's and Diebold's claims.

Background

CET owns U.S. Patent Nos. 5,258,855 ('855 patent), 5,369,508 ('508 patent), 5,625,465 ('465 patent), and 5,768,416 ('416 patent) (collectively, the asserted patents). The '508, '465, and '416 patents are continuations of the '855 patent, and share substantially the same specification. The four patents contain a total of 242 claims. The claims generally recite a method of 1) extracting data from hard copy documents using an automated digitizing unit such as a scanner, 2) recognizing specific information from the extracted data, and 3) storing that information in a memory. This method can be performed by software on an automated teller machine (ATM) that recognizes information written on a scanned check, such as the check's amount, and populates certain data fields with that information in a computer's memory.

Claim 1 of the '855 patent recites:

A method of processing information from a diversity of types of hard copy documents, said method comprising the steps of:
(a) receiving output representing a diversity of types of hard copy documents from an automated digitizing unit and storing information from said diversity of types of hard copy documents into a memory, said information not fixed from one document to the next, said receiving step not preceded by scanning, via said automated digitizing unit, of a separate document containing format requirements;
(b) recognizing portions of said hard copy documents corresponding to a first data field; and
(c) storing information from said portions of said hard copy documents corresponding to said first data field into memory ...

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