United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, Norfolk Division
February 18, 2015
LISA EVETTE HARRELL SHELLMAN, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner, Social Security Administration, Defendant.
Mark S. Davis, United States District Judge.
The pro se Plaintiff, Lisa Evette Harrell Shellman ("Plaintiff"), brought this action under Section 205 (g) of the Social Security Act, 42U.S.C. § 405 (g), seeking judicial review of the final decision of the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration denying Plaintiff's applications for disability insurance benefits and Supplemental Security Income under the Social Security Act.
This matter was referred to a United States Magistrate Judge, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and (C) and Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as well as Rule 72 of the Rules of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. The Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge was filed on December 30, 2014, recommending that the Acting Commissioner's Motion to Dismiss, ECF No. 8, be granted, and that this case be dismissed with prejufice.
By copy of the Report and Recommendation, ECF No. 14, each party was advised of the right to file written objections to the findings and recommendations made by the Magistrate Judge. On January 9, 2015, the Court received and filed Plaintiff's objections to the Report and Recommendation. ECF No. 15. On January 29, 2015, the Court directed Defendant to respond to Plaintiff's objections to such Report and Recommendation. ECF No. 16. On February 9, 2015, Defendant responded to Plaintiff's objections. ECF No. 17.
Following a de novo review of the Report and Recommendation, and the objections filed thereto, the Court will ADOPT the findings and recommendations set forth in the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge filed on December 30, 2014, as amended by this Final Order. The Court AMENDS the Report and Recommendation only to the extent it recommended construing Defendant's motion as a Rule 12(b)(1) motion and relied in part on the declaration attached to Defendant's motion to dismiss. Instead, the Court considers such motion under Rule 12(b) (6). With that small caveat, the Court adopts the remainder of the Report and Recommendation. The analysis in such Report and Recommendation is equally applicable when the Court considers Defendant's motion under Rule 12(b) (6) . Accordingly, based on such analysis, the Court will DISMISS Plaintiff's action as untimely.
The Court has also reviewed and considered the additional basis for equitable tolling that Plaintiff first raised in her objections to the Report and Recommendation. In her objections, Plaintiff contends that she is entitled to equitable tolling because she suffered from numerous mental health symptoms. At least one court of appeals has held that "equitable tolling . . . may be warranted in cases where [the plaintiff] fails to seek judicial review in a timely manner because of mental impairment." Canales v. Sullivan, 936 F.2d 755, 759 (2d Cir. 1991). However, the Fourth Circuit has not so held, see, e.g., Gamble v. Colvin, Civil Action No. 1:12-1459-TLW, 2014 WL 197740, at *3 (D.S.C. Jan. 16, 2014), and outside the Second Circuit, "the § 405(g) limitations period has been tolled only in cases of some administrative malfunction that hinders a claimant's ability to pursue his rights, " Torres v. Barnhart, 417 F.3d 276, 282 (2d Cir. 2005) (Jacobs, J., concurring) (emphasis in original) (collecting cases). Thus, it is unclear that Plaintiff's alleged mental impairments present a sufficient basis for this Court to equitably toll the Section 205(g) statute of limitations.
Nevertheless, even assuming that the Court could toll the statute of limitations based on a plaintiff's mental impairment, the Court concludes that Plaintiff's allegations of mental impairment are insufficient to warrant such tolling. As an initial matter, Plaintiff has not alleged that she suffered from the "exacerbation of symptoms in [her] mental health" during the sixty-day limitations period. See ECF No. 15 at 3. However, equitable tolling requires a temporal connection between Plaintiff's alleged impairments and the statutory sixty-day limitations period. See Canales, 936 F.3d at 759. Without such connection, even if Plaintiff presently suffers-or has suffered at some point-from significant impairments, the Court has no basis to conclude that such impairments existed within the operative limitations period so as to prevent Plaintiff from timely filing an action in this Court. In addition, although Plaintiff has alleged that she suffers from significant mental health symptoms, she has not alleged how such impairments prevented her from timely filing a complaint with this Court. Indeed, the very psychological evaluation Plaintiff seeks to rely upon as a basis for equitable tolling indicates, based in part on two evaluations during the sixty-day limitations period, that Plaintiff's cognitive functioning was "Within Normal Limits" for each index of intellectual functioning. See ECF No. 3-1 at 1, 3. Therefore, the Court concludes that Plaintiff has failed to state a plausible claim that she is entitled to equitable tolling of the statute of limitations based on her alleged mental impairments and the Court will DISMISS Plaintiff's action as untimely.
Likewise, the Court finds that 20 C.F.R. § 405.20(2) does not present a sufficient basis for the Court to toll the statute of limitations. Plaintiff correctly notes that such regulation provides that the Social Security Administration may "extend the deadline to request . . . judicial review" if a plaintiff establishes "good cause, " including the presence of a "physical, mental, educational, or linguistic limitation that prevented [the plaintiff] from filing a timely request." 20 C.F.R. § 405.20(2) (a) (2) . Plaintiff has not alleged that she availed herself of such regulation by requesting that the Social Security Administration extend the sixty-day limitations period because of Plaintiff's alleged mental impairments. Furthermore, Plaintiff has not demonstrated how such regulation authorizes the Court to toll the statute of limitations. And, as noted above, Plaintiff's allegations do not sufficiently state a plausible claim that her alleged mental impairments prevented her from timely filing an action within the limitations period. Accordingly, Plaintiff's action will be DISMISSED.
For the reasons stated above, the Court GRANTS Defendant's motion to dismiss, ECF No. 8. Following a de novo review of the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation, and the objections filed thereto, the Court ADOPTS the findings and recommendations set forth in the Report and Recommendation, as amended by this Final Order. The Court OVERRULES Plaintiff's objections to the Report and Recommendation, including Plaintiff's additional argument that she is entitled to equitable tolling based on her alleged mental impairments. Therefore, Plaintiff's action is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
The parties are ADVISED that they may appeal from this Final Order by forwarding a written notice of appeal to the Clerk of the United States District Court, United States Courthouse, 600 Granby Street, Norfolk, Virginia 23510. Said written notice must be received by the Clerk within sixty (60) days from the date of this Final Order.
The Clerk shall forward a copy of this Final Order to Plaintiff and to counsel of record for Defendant.