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United States v. Quarles

United States District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division

April 29, 2015

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
MAURICE B. QUARLES, JR., Petitioner.

MEMORANDUM OPINION

JOHN A. GIBNEY, JUDGE

Maurice B. Quarles, Jr., a federal inmate proceeding pro se, filed this motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to vacate, set aside, or correct his sentence ("2255 Motion, " ECF No. 48). The Government requests that the Court deny the § 2255 Motion on the grounds that, inter alia, the statute of limitations bars the § 2255 Motion. Quarles has not responded. For the reasons set forth below, the § 2255 Motion will be denied as barred by the statute of limitations.

I. PROCEDURAL HISTORY

Quarles pled guilty to possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base. (Plea Agreement 1, ECF No. 16.) The Presentence Report found Quarles to be a career offender under United States Sentencing Guidelines Manual ("USSG") § 4B1.1, thus, his advisory guideline range was 188 to 235 months in prison. (Presentence Report ("PSR") K 60; Worksheet D, at 1.) Nevertheless, on May 8, 2009, the Court granted Quarles's motion for a downward variance and entered final judgment, sentencing Quarles to 132 months of imprisonment. (May 8, 2009 Tr. 17-18, 22; J. 2, ECF No. 22.) Quarles filed no appeal.

On September 11, 2012, the Court received Quarles's § 2255 Motion.[1] (§ 2255 Mot. 1.) In his § 2255 Motion, Quarles asserts that in light of the decision in United States v. Simmons, 649 F.3d. 237 (4th Cir. 2011), "he no longer qualifies for the Career Offender enhancement." (Mem. Supp. § 2255 Mot. 3.)[2] Quarles's § 2255 Motion will be dismissed for several reasons.

II. ANALYSIS

A. Guidelines Claims Not Cognizable in § 2255

Quarles's challenge to the calculation of his sentence under the guidelines fails to state a cognizable claim for § 2255 relief. See United States v. Pregent, 190 F.3d 279, 283-84 (4th Cir. 1999) (explaining that "barring extraordinary circumstances" an error in calculation of Sentencing Guidelines not cognizable in a § 2255 motion); see also United States v. Goines, 357 F.3d 469, 477 (4th Cir. 2004) (citations omitted) ("guideline claims ordinarily are not cognizable in § 2255 proceedings."); Milan v. United States, ___F.Supp. 3d ___, No. I:09cr228, 2014 WL 5454394, at *5 (E.D. Va. Oct. 24, 2014) (challenge to criminal history category not cognizable in § 2255); cf. Hawkins v. United States, 706 F.3d 820, 823-24 (7th Cir. 2013), cert, denied, 134 S.Ct. 1280 (2014); Sun Bear v. United States, 644 F.3d 700, 705-06 (8th Cir. 2011) (en banc) (challenges to career offender status under guidelines not cognizable in § 2255). Quarles fails to demonstrate any extraordinary circumstances that would allow the Court to reach the validity of the guidelines sentence at this late juncture. For this reason alone, Quarles's § 2255 Motion will be DENIED.

B. Statute of Limitations

Section 101 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act ("AEDPA") amended 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to establish a one-year period of limitation for the filing of a § 2255 Motion. Specifically, 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f) now reads:

(f) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to a motion under this section. The limitation period shall run from the latest of-
(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively ...

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