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Thompson v. United States

United States District Court, E.D. Virginia, Alexandria Division

July 20, 2015

NATHANIEL R. THOMPSON, III, Plaintiff,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, et al., Defendant

Page 463

For Nathaniel Ross Thompson, III, Plaintiff: Thomas M. Craig, LEAD ATTORNEY, Fluet Huber Hoang PLLC (Woodbridge), Woodbridge, VA.

For The United States of America, United States Department of the Army, Defendant: Dennis Carl Barghaan, Jr., LEAD ATTORNEY, United States Attorney's Office, Alexandria, VA.

Page 464

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Gerald Bruce Lee, United States District Judge.

THIS MATTER is before the Court on Plaintiff Nathaniel R. Thompson, III (" Thompson" or " LTG Thompson" )'s Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 20) and Defendant United States of America's Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 24). This case involves LTG Thompson's eligibility to transfer education benefits under the Post 9/11 GI Bill.

The issue before the Court is whether the Court should grant Plaintiff LTG Thompson's Motion for Summary Judgment or Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment, where Plaintiff argues that he is entitled to relief because: the Army failed to provide proper counseling regarding his benefits; reliable sources at the Army provided him with incomplete, inaccurate, and false information; and that the Army failed to provide notice that failure of LTG Thompson to elect to transfer his benefits while on active duty would constitute a waiver of his right to transfer those benefits in the future, but where Defendants argue that the ABCMR's decision

Page 465

was neither arbitrary or capricious and Plaintiff had actual or constructive knowledge of the requirement prior to his retirement. The Court DENIES Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment and GRANTS Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment, because there is no genuine dispute of material fact that the ABCMR committed clear error in denying Plaintiffs request to " correct" his record.

I. BACKGROUND[1]

Plaintiff Nathaniel Ross Thompson, III, is a retired Lieutenant General of the United States Army. (Doc. 12, ¶ 6.) On April 1, 2010, LTG Thompson retired from the Army after nearly 36 years of service. ( Id. ) In 2008, Congress passed the " Post 9/11 Veterans Education Assistance Act of 2008," or the " Post 9/11 GI Bill" to provide monetary benefits to eligible military members to assist veterans in readjusting to civilian life, and particularly to assist veterans in paying for higher education. 38 U.S.C. § § 3301-25. The statutory framework of the Post 9/11 GI Bill creates a matrix of the amount of time that a member of the military must serve in order to be eligible. Id. Eligible members are entitled to 36 months of education benefits so long as the member " is pursuing an approved program of education." Id. § 3313(a). Additionally, veterans who were eligible for retirement on August 1, 2009 were entitled to transfer their educational benefits to their spouse or children. Id. § 3319(b)(2). However, " [a]n individual approved to transfer entitlement to educational assistance under this section may transfer such entitlement only while serving as a member of the armed forces when the transfer is executed." Id. § 3319(f)(1). According to a directive issued by the U.S. Department of Defense, entitled " Directive-Type Memorandum (DTM) 09-003, Post-9/11 GI Bill" (June 22, 2009, incorporating Change 2, September 14, 2011) (" DIM 09-003" ), the Secretaries of the Military Departments were required to provide eligible service members with individual counseling on the benefits to be afforded under the Post 9/11 GI Bill. Of particular importance here, the statute provides that " [A]n individual approved to transfer entitlement to educational assistance under this section may transfer such entitlement only while serving as a member of the armed forces when the transfer is executed." Id.

LTG Thompson, based on his period of service and nature of discharge, was entitled to receive educational assistance under the Post 9/11 GI Bill. (Doc. 12, ¶ 10.) Additionally, LTG Thompson was eligible to transfer his education benefits to his spouse or children. ( Id. ) LTG Thompson never received the individual counseling required under DTM 09-003. AR8. Plaintiff alleges that because he did not receive counseling he was unaware of the requirement that elect to transfer his benefits prior his retirement on April 1, 2010. (Doc. 12, ¶ 45.)

On October 14, 2011, plaintiff filed an application (DD Form 149) with the Army Board for Correction of Military Records (" ABCMR" ) seeking the correction of his military records; more specifically, plaintiff indicated that he did not " transfer [his] Post 9/11 GI Bill benefits to [his] children" while he remained on active duty as the law requires, and requested that he " be allowed to make that election now by having the transfer benefit reinstated." AR179-97. Plaintiff explained that he was not aware that he had to make the election

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prior to his retirement and that " the information was not covered in any of the retirement briefings that h[e] attended, nor was [he] given any information paper that explained the benefit or requirement to transfer prior to leaving active status." AR180.

On November 15, 2011, pursuant to its regulatory authority, see Army Reg. 15-185, ¶ ¶ 110; 2-2(c), the ABCMR transmitted a copy of plaintiff's application to the Army's Deputy Chief of Personnel. In its transmittal, the ABCMR requested that this command either take " administrative action . . . if appropriate," and if not, to " furnish a comprehensive advisory opinion." AR204. On December 30, 2011, the Army Human Resource Command (" AHRC" ) issued an advisory opinion to the ABCMR, in which it recommended " disapproval" of plaintiffs application. AR174. That advisory opinion noted that plaintiff " did not complete the requirements in the TEB [Transfer of Education] benefits online database because he claims he was not aware of the requirement to transfer prior to leaving service." AR201. But, AHRC explained, Plaintiff's ignorance of the legal requirements did not justify the discretionary relief that he sought, especially given the amount of publicly-available information about the transfer requirements. AR202. Ultimately, AHRC recommended that the ABCMR deny plaintiff's application unless he could " provide evidence showing he attempted to transfer [his entitlement to benefits] prior to leaving military service and/or he was given false information by a reliable source about the rules of transferring education benefits." AR201-03.

Upon receipt of AHRC's advisory opinion, the ABCMR transmitted the opinion to plaintiff, and offered Plaintiff an opportunity to comment. On January 18, 2012, plaintiff submitted his comments to the ABCMR. AR198-99. Notwithstanding his comprehension of the AHRC's ultimate conclusion concerning what he needed to demonstrate, Plaintiff did not allege or submit evidence to the effect that he " was given false information by a reliable source about the rules of transferring education benefits" ; rather, Plaintiff maintained that his " application clearly outline[d] the circumstances where he was given incomplete information." AR 198-99. On February 16, 2012, the ABCMR issued a six page unanimous decision denying Plaintiff's application. ...


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