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Blair v. Smith

United States District Court, E.D. Virginia, Alexandria Division

February 28, 2017

Santee J. Blair, Plaintiff,
Pamela Smith, et al, Defendants.


          Gerald Bruce Lee United States District Judge

         THIS MATTER comes before the Court on defendants' Motions for Summary Judgment. This case concerns claims asserted by Santee J. Blair, a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that defendants violated his Eighth Amendment rights. Defendants Nurse Lauren Bonney and Nurse Victoria Cordova have filed a Motion for Summary Judgment as well as a memorandum of law with supporting exhibits.[1]Dkt. Nos. 31-32. Plaintiff filed a Traverse to Defendant's [sic] Motion for Summary Judgment. Dkt. No. 43. Defendants filed a Reply to Plaintiffs Traverse. Dkt. No. 44. Plaintiff filed a surreply in which he seeks to strike defendants' reply as improperly filed. Dkt. No. 45. Because defendants' reply was filed in accordance with Local Rule 7(F), it will not be stricken. The matter is now ripe for disposition. The issue before the Court is whether to grant defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment. The Court concludes that there is no genuine issue of material fact as to the claims against defendants Bonney and Cordova and, therefore, their Motion for Summary Judgment will be granted.

         I. Background

         The undisputed record establishes the following facts.[2] Plaintiff arrived at the Chesapeake Correctional Center ("CCC") on July 3, 2014, at which point he was screened by the medical staff. Bonney Aff. at ¶ 3. Plaintiff "reported a history of migraines and occasional, sharp pains in his chest area, as well as an allergy to pork. [Plaintiff] did not report any history of renal disease at that time." Id. During a July 14, 2014 medical examination plaintiff "reported a history of migraines and GERD. [He] did not report any history of renal disease at that time." Id. at ¶ 4. Plaintiff was prescribed Zantac for his GERD. Defs. MS J at Ex. C. During an October 29, 2014 medical evaluation plaintiff did not report a history of renal disease. Bonney Aff. at ¶ 5. Plaintiff was ordered a regular diet and his allergy to turkey was noted. Id.

         On November 3, 2014, plaintiff submitted a Health Services Request Form in which he stated that he was being provided a "Turkey Allergy Diet" despite the fact that he was "put on Renal Diet" on October 26 and 29, 2014 by a physician. Defs. MSJ at Ex. C. Plaintiff also stated that his calorie count was not being met. Bonney Aff. at ¶ 6. Plaintiff was examined by Bonney on November 11, 2014, in response to his complaints. Id. Plaintiffs vitals were normal and he "did not describe any sort of health problems that resulted from these complaints about his diet." Id. More specifically, Bonney noted that, on October 29, 2014, plaintiff "reported Food Allergy to Turkey. No [history] of Renal Disease reported to Medical Department.

         [Doctor] noted for inmate to avoid Turkey - inmate was entered for a Regular Diet [with] Turkey Allergy." Defs. MS J at Ex. C. Accordingly, based on her assessment of plaintiff, Bonney determined that "there was no medical need for [plaintiff] to be placed on a renal diet at that time ...." Bonney Aff. at ¶ 6. In addition, Bonney did not have the authority to place plaintiff on a renal diet. Id. at ¶ 7. Bonney also spoke with the food provider and informed them that plaintiff "was to be given three meals per day, with a total calorie count of 2600-2700 calories." Id. at ¶ 6. Finally, Bonney advised plaintiff that he had to speak with deputy staff regarding filing a grievance. Id.

         On November 21, 2014, plaintiff was evaluated for constipation, sharp, intermittent pain, and flatulence. Id. at ¶ 8. Plaintiff was prescribed Dulcolax and Colace (Docusate). Id. He did not complain of hemorrhoids or bleeding at the time. Id. On November 23, 2014, plaintiff was seen for chest pain, especially after eating. Id. at ¶ 9. He walked to the clinic without issue, had no apparent distress, had stable vital signs, and had a normal EKG. Id. Plaintiff refused a "GI cocktail" for indigestion and to sign the charge slip. Id.

         On November 25, 2014, Cordova "collected [plaintiffs] Health Services Request Form, dated November 23, 2014." Id. at ¶ 10. On the form, plaintiff stated that he was "[illegible] blood not just little spots. [He was] rolling on the floor in pain, ... throwing up and [he could not] use the bathroom." Defs. MS J at Ex. C. Plaintiff told Cordova that he was "in severe pain and could not move, that [he] had been throwing up, bleeding tremendously from the anus, and needed to go to medical to find out what[] [was] wrong." Blair Aff. at ¶2.

         Cordova "never responded or scheduled [him] for a doctor's appointment, nor attempted to examine [plaintiff] to see what was wrong;" rather, Cordova "signed the medical form, Nonurgent, and left, leaving plaintiff to suffer ...." Id. Based on plaintiff s "medical condition, [Cordova] determined that [plaintiff] was not in need of immediate medical attention" and she "submitted the form to the medical department." Cordova Aff. at ¶ 6.

         That same day, plaintiff refused to take certain medications, including the Colace he was prescribed for his constipation. Bonney Aff. at ¶ 11. The next day, plaintiff again refused medication because he was "stressed out." Id. at ¶ 12.

         II. Standard of Review

         Summary judgment "shall be rendered forthwith if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56. The moving party bears the burden of proving that judgment on the pleadings is appropriate. See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett. 477 U.S. 317. 323 (1986). Tomeetthat burden, the moving party must demonstrate that no genuine issues of material fact are present for resolution. Id. at 322. Once a moving party has met its burden to show that it is entitled to judgment as a matter of law, the burden then shifts to the nonmoving party to point out the specific facts that create disputed factual issues. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby. Inc.. 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986); Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp.. 475 U.S. 574, 587 (1986). In evaluating a motion for summary judgment, a district court should consider the evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party and draw all reasonable inferences from those facts in favor of that party. United States v. Diebold. Inc.. 369 U.S. 654. 655 f 1962). Those facts which the moving party bears the burden of proving are facts which are material. "[T]he substantive law will identify which facts are material. Only disputes over facts which might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law will properly preclude the entry of summary judgment." Anderson. 477 U.S. at 248. An issue of material fact is genuine when, "the evidence ... create[s] [a] fair doubt; wholly speculative assertions will not suffice." Ross v. Commc'ns Satellite Corp.. 759 F.2d 355, 364 (4th Cir. 1985), abrogated on other grounds bv Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins. 490 U.S. 228 (1989). Thus, summary judgment is appropriate only where no material facts are genuinely disputed and the evidence as a whole could not lead a rational fact finder to rule for the nonmoving party. Matsushita. 475 U.S. at 587.

         III. Analysis

         Summary judgment in favor of defendants Bonney and Cordova is appropriate because the pleadings, affidavits, and exhibits on file demonstrate that they did not violate plaintiffs Eighth Amendment rights. Plaintiff alleges that defendants Bonney and Cordova were deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs when (1) Bonney failed to provide plaintiff with an allergy test, schedule a doctor's appointment, or screen plaintiff for health issues on ...

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