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Wood v. United States

United States District Court, E.D. Virginia, Norfolk Division

February 8, 2018

WENDELL WOOD, Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.

          MEMORANDUM ORDER

          Rebecca Beach Smith CHIEF JUDGE.

         This matter comes before the court on the Petitioner's pro se "Motion for Reduction in Sentence Under 18 U.S.C. §§ 3582(c) (2)/2255(3)" ("Motion"), filed on January 29, 2018. ECF No. 223.

         I.

         On November 15, 1993, a jury found the Petitioner guilty on Counts One, Seventeen, Nineteen, and Twenty-One of the Indictment, charging him with Conspiracy to Distribute and Possess with Intent to Distribute Cocaine and Cocaine Base; Distribution of Cocaine; and Possession of Cocaine with Intent to Distribute, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 846, 841(a)(1). Doc. No. 183.[1]On February 16, 1994, the court sentenced the Petitioner to a term of life imprisonment on Count One, two hundred and forty (240) months on Count Seventeen, and four hundred and eighty (480) months on Counts Nineteen and Twenty-One, all to run concurrently. Doc. No. 204.

         On September 25, 2000, the Petitioner filed a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, Doc. No. 424, which the court denied on May 18, 2001. Doc. No. 438. Subsequently, the Petitioner thrice filed a motion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582 to reduce his sentence, and each one was denied. See ECF Nos. 22-23, 27, 83, 92, 98, 99. On a fourth motion under 18 U.S.C. § 3582 ("§ 3582 Motion")/ ECF No. 118, the court reduced the Petitioner's sentence on Count One, from a term of life imprisonment to four hundred and eighty (480) months, with the sentences on Counts Seventeen, Nineteen, and Twenty-One to remain unchanged. See Order Regarding Mot. for Sentence- Reduction Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (March 25, 2015) (w§ 3582 Order"), ECF Nos. 156-57.

         II.

         The instant Motion appears to seek three forms of relief.[2]First, the Petitioner seeks to vacate, set aside, or correct his sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Mot. at 2. Next, the Petitioner seeks a sentence reduction pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2). Id. at 1-2. Lastly, the Petitioner requests the court to appoint him counsel. Id. at 12.

         A. Relief Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255

         The Petitioner's Motion expressly requests relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(1), id. at 2, and, therefore, the Clerk is DIRECTED to assign a new civil action number to the Petitioner's Motion. However, as stated above, the Petitioner previously filed a § 2255 motion, which the court denied.[3] Thus, the instant Motion, to the extent that it seeks relief under § 2255, is a successive § 2255 motion. Before this court may consider any successive § 2255 motion, the Petitioner must obtain an order from the Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3); see Id. § 2255 (h) (noting that a petitioner must comply with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 2244 when filing a second or successive habeas petition).

         The Petitioner claims that the United States Supreme Court's recent ruling in Nelson v. Colorado, 137 S.Ct. 1249 (2017), established a newly recognized constitutional right, providing him with an avenue for relief under § 2255(f)(3). Mot. at 2. Even if Nelson applies, [4] the Fourth Circuit is still required to certify a successive § 2255 motion containing a claim based on "a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h)(2). Accordingly, the request for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 is DISMISSED for lack of authorization from the Fourth Circuit. See id. § 2244(b)(3).

         B. Relief Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)

         The Petitioner also requests the court to further reduce his sentence to the low end of his Guidelines Range, i.e., three hundred, and sixty (360) months. Mot. at 1. In support, the Petitioner points to the disparity in sentencing, providing examples of other defendants who received lesser sentences. Id. at 1-2, 9-12. The court has already considered and granted the Petitioner's fourth Motion for Reduction of Sentence under § 3582(c)(2), on March 25, 2015. See § 3582 Order. Therefore, this current Motion is, in reality, a request for reconsideration of the § 3582 Order.

         This court fully considered the Petitioner's fourth § 3582 Motion in 2015, and exercised its discretion to reduce his sentence on Count One from life imprisonment to four hundred and eighty (480) months. See § 3582 Order. The court finds no reason to reconsider the § 3582 Order, as no new matters of merit or substance have been raised in the current Motion that were not previously considered by the court. In previously reducing the Petitioner's sentence, the court fully considered the factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), along with the Petitioner's medical records submitted to the court. See 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2); § 3582 Order at 2. Further, the court likely lacks authority to reconsider its 2015 § 3582 Order, more than two years after it was filed. See United States v. Goodwyn, 596 F.3d 233, 235 (4th Cir. 2010). Once a defendant is sentenced, the court should not reconsider his sentence "unless the Bureau of Prisons moves for a reduction, the Sentencing Commission amends the applicable Guidelines Range, or another statute or Rule 3 5 expressly permits the court to do so." Id. (emphasis in original) ("[T]here is no 'inherent authority' for a district court to modify a sentence as it pleases." (quoting United States v. Cunningham, 554 F.3d 703, 708 (7th Cir. 2009))). None of these events has occurred since the court's £015 § 3582 Order. Accordingly, the Petitioner's request for reconsideration of the § 3582 Order is DENIED, as is any request for a further reduction of sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c) (2).

         C. ...


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