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Meyers v. Manis

United States District Court, W.D. Virginia, Roanoke Division

May 21, 2019

DAVID MEYERS, Plaintiff,
v.
CARL MANIS, et al., Defendants.

          ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

          MICHAEL F. URBANSKI CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         David Meyers, a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, while housed at Wallens Ridge State Prison (“Wallens Ridge”). Meyers is a three-striker under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).[1] Accordingly, he cannot proceed with this action unless he prepays the filing fee or demonstrates that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Meyers did not prepay the filing fee and, thus, the court must determine whether he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. The court referred the matter to United States Magistrate Judge Pamela Meade Sargent for a report and recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B), concerning whether Meyers was under imminent danger of serious physical injury and, thus, should be allowed to proceed with this action without prepayment of the filing fee. Judge Sargent conducted an evidentiary hearing on February 21-22, 2019, and subsequently filed a report, finding that Meyers was not in imminent danger of serious physical injury and that his complaint must therefore be dismissed.[2] See ECF No. 26. Meyers' inmate witness Vinnie Chand subsequently submitted letters to the court, stating that he gave false testimony at the hearing. See ECF Nos. 40 and 51. In addition, Meyers has submitted objections to the report and recommendation. See ECF No. 28. For the reasons stated herein, the court will overrule Meyers' objections, adopt the report and recommendation, deny Meyers leave to proceed in forma pauperis, and dismiss this action.

         I.

         First, based on his conflicting statements at the evidentiary hearing and in his subsequent letters, the court finds Vinnie Chand's testimony to be not credible. However, Chand's testimony and submissions are not material to the court's determination of whether Meyers was under imminent danger of serious physical injury. At the hearing, Chand testified that he witnessed other protective custody inmates threaten Meyers, that he did not witness any correctional officers drag Meyers from his wheelchair on July 19, 2018, and that he did not hear any Red Onion employees threaten Meyers. Chand testified about the grievance procedure at Red Onion and his own experiences with it. Chand also testified about his experience in and perceptions of the protective custody unit. Chand testified that he thinks that Meyers suffers mental illness. And, he testified that Meyers asked him to provide false information to the court, told Chand that he would share money with Chand if he won his case, and told Chand that he wanted to go to a lower security prison where he could smoke marijuana and obtain a cell phone. In his subsequent letters to the court, Chand claims that he lied to the court about Meyers' motives in pursuing this action and Meyers' requests for Chand to lie to the court. Regardless of which version, if any, of Chand's account is accurate, the information provided by Chand does not demonstrate, or help Meyers demonstrate, that Meyers was in imminent danger of serious physical injury at time he filed his complaint. Therefore, the court will not consider Chand's testimony and submissions in adjudicating this matter.[3]

         II.

         In her report, Judge Sargent aptly grouped Meyers' numerous claims to assess whether he had demonstrated imminent danger of serious physical injury. Some claims involve court staff, some involve Red Onion staff from Civil Action No. 7:18cv00485, some involve Wallens Ridge staff from Civil Action No. 7:19cv00003, and some involve staff from both Red Onion and Wallens Ridge. The first group of claims are those which do not allege that the defendants' actions placed him in any imminent danger, including his claims that defendants “racketeered, ” embezzled, and/or stole money from Meyers' inmate account; that various court officials, including two district judges, a magistrate judge, and the clerk, failed to file various documents, did not allow him to “prosecute” various prison officials, or did not grant him the relief he requested; that defendants obstructed and tampered with his outgoing legal mail to the court by opening and reading it; that defendants filed “false” disciplinary charges against him to avoid civil liability; that a defendant over-charged him for legal mail postage; that a defendant refuses to pay him for work that he performed; that defendants had unnamed prison officials file false charges against him to “stack” fines on him for reporting their sexual abuses, assaults, and injuries committed against him; that a defendant refused to process his grievances; that unnamed prison officials altered or forged postal loans in his name; that defendants stole his personal property; and that unnamed prison officials failed to provide him with due process. As to these claims, Judge Sargent found that Meyers offered no danger posed by the defendants' alleged actions.

         The second group of claims alleges that Meyers did not receive necessary medical or mental health treatment or equipment. As to these claims, Judge Sargent found that Meyers' evidence of any danger posed by these claims did not rise above the type of vague, speculative, or conclusory allegations that are insufficient to prove imminent danger of serious physical injury. She also found that Meyers' testimony regarding these claims was not credible.

         The third group of claims involved Meyers' ongoing requests to be kept separate from other inmates who Meyers claims had threatened to assault or kill him. By the time he filed the complaint in this action, however, he was at Wallens Ridge, housed in a segregation cell, where he had no direct contact with other inmates. Therefore, as to these claims, Judge Sargent found that Meyers was not in imminent danger of serious physical injury.

         The fourth group of claims concerns his conditions of confinement at Wallens Ridge, including the temperature of and peeling paint in his cell and being denied food, showers, recreation, haircuts, and certain personal property. Judge Sargent found Meyers' testimony not credible and found Unit Manager Ely's testimony contradicting Meyers' testimony to be more credible. Accordingly, she determined that Meyers was not in imminent danger of serious physical injury.

         The fifth group of claims revolved around various defendants' actions removing him from protective custody status, classifying him as a security level 5, and recommending that he be transferred to general population at Wallens Ridge State Prison (“Wallens Ridge”).[4] As previously discussed, by the time he filed the complaint in this action, was at Wallens Ridge, housed in a segregation cell, where he had no direct contact with other inmates or staff from Red Onion. Further, the report notes that Meyers testified that he had not left his cell for showers or recreation since August 2018. As to these claims, Judge Sargent found that Meyers was not in imminent danger of serious physical injury because, regardless of his security classification, Meyers was protected from all other inmates and Red Onion employees at the time he filed his complaint.

         III.

         Meyers' objections to the report and recommendation are vague, non-specific, repetitive of arguments already presented to the court, and/or contradicted by the record. The Fourth Circuit has held that an objecting party must do so “with sufficient specificity so as reasonably to alert the district court of the true ground for the objection.” United States v. Midgette, 478 F.3d 616, 622 (4th Cir. 2007).

To conclude otherwise would defeat the purpose of requiring objections. We would be permitting a party to appeal any issue that was before the magistrate judge, regardless of the nature and scope of objections made to the magistrate judge's report. Either the district court would then have to review every issue in the magistrate judge's proposed findings and recommendations or courts of appeals would be required to review issues that the district court never considered. In either case, judicial resources would be wasted and the district court's effectiveness based on help from magistrate judges would be undermined.

Id. The district court must review de novo any portion of the magistrate judge's report and recommendation to which a proper objection has been made. “The district court may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3); accord 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). “General objections that merely reiterate arguments presented to the magistrate judge lack the specificity required under Rule 72, and have the same effect as a failure to object, or as a waiver of such objection.” Moon v. BWX Techs., Inc., 742 F.Supp.2d 827, 829 (W.D. Va. 2010) (citing Veney v. Astrue, 539 F.Supp.2d 841, 845 (W.D. ...


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